Found Primers

CIRCLS found primers are brief summaries of key topics in the field. They are used to build capacity in the field and to give people a sense of RETTL’s main themes. Primers were also developed by small teams of volunteers with the former CIRCL center and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Facial Recognition Technologies in the Wild: A Call for a Federal Office

Facial Recognition Technologies in the Wild: A Call for a Federal Office
In recent years, facial recognition technologies (FRTs) have experienced enormous growth and rapid deployment. Addressing the trade-offs among the risks and benefits of complex facial recognition technologies requires the creation of a new federal office.

Facial Recognition Technologies: A Primer

Facial Recognition Technologies: A Primer
This primer presents background on Facial Recognition Technologies (FRTs) and is written for a non-technical audience to increase understanding of the terminology, applications, and difficulties of evaluating this complex set of technologies.

Artificial Intelligence in Education: Promises and Implications for Teaching and learning

Artificial Intelligence in Education: Promises and Implications for Teaching and learning
In addition to original primers, CIRCLS occasionally features relevant primers found in the literature. We welcome new primers on similar topics, but written more specifically to address the needs of the RETTL community. Have a

The Pedagogical Agent in Online Learning

The Pedagogical Agent in Online Learning
This paper describes the impact of the degrees of realism (unrealistic, moderately realistic and highly realistic) of the pedagogical agent on student’s achievement during online learning in terms of gender.

Educating Critical Thinkers: The Role of Epistemic Cognition

Educating Critical Thinkers: The Role of Epistemic Cognition
When students learn how to use evidence-based reasoning to build knowledge that is convincing to themselves and to others, their performance on both critical thinking and academic outcomes greatly increases.

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Learning, Teaching, and Education

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Learning, Teaching, and Education
This report describes the current state of the art in artificial intelligence (AI) and its potential impact for learning, teaching, and education.

Practicing Connections: A Framework to Guide Instructional Design for Developing Understanding in Complex Domains

Practicing Connections: A Framework to Guide Instructional Design for Developing Understanding in Complex Domains
Research suggests that expert understanding is characterized by coherent mental representations featuring a high level of connectedness.

A Review of Fundamentals and Influential Factors of Artificial Intelligence

A Review of Fundamentals and Influential Factors of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a trend that is currently leading to controversial discussions.

Algorithmic Fairness in Education

Algorithmic Fairness in Education
Data-driven predictive models are increasingly used in education to support students, instructors, and administrators. However, there are concerns about the fairness of the predictions and uses of these algorithmic systems.

Mining Big Data in Education: Affordances and Challenges

Mining Big Data in Education: Affordances and Challenges
The emergence of big data in educational contexts has led to new data-driven approaches to support informed decision making and efforts to improve educational effectiveness.

Self-Regulated Learning

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Encourage Self-regulated Learning in the Classroom by Sharon Zumbrunn, Joseph Tadlock, and Elizabeth Danielle Roberts.